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Inception Country
Urban street in India

India has prioritized resource efficiency as a strategy for growth and environmental well-being, most notable through its National Resource Efficiency Policy.

The Indian economy is one of the fastest-growing in the world, but after recording GDP growth of around 7-8 percent for several years, there has been a comparative slowdown, with manufacturing and international trade tapering. India also faces acute environmental challenges — climate variability, poor air quality, over-exploitation of groundwater, water scarcity, increasing inland and coast salinity, degradation of land, and increased intensity of climate extreme events. What’s more, such challenges have adversely affected productivity and economic performance, resulting in increased poverty, unemployment and poor health.

India has worked to tackle this through several policies and programmes, making efforts to support achievement of the SDGs and its NDCs. Specific to green economy, India has embraced a large-scale, integrated economy-wide approach, including circular economy and sustainable consumption and production. Aimed at enhancing existing initiatives on a national and sub-national level, India joined PAGE in 2018 with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) leading the engagement, with the country’s efforts to increase resource efficiency providing a specific entry point for PAGE support. 

Through previous work from 2017, MoEFCC identified resource efficiency as a strategy to minimize trade-offs between growth, resource constraint and environmental well-being, and began developing a National Resource Efficiency Policy. This policy aims to contribute to India’s national Inclusive Green Economy, sustainability and climate targets. 

During the inception phase in 2018 with PAGE, these goals were further solidified and priority areas were further defined through consultations and a green economy stocktaking process. Relating to policymaking and capacity development, some of these priorities include mainstreaming IGE and SDGs into state-level economic development planning, supporting sustainable public procurement and eco-labeling and support to modernize micro-small- and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) particularly in manufacturing.

Moving forward with the work in the inception phase was challenged in 2020 with the COVID-19 pandemic. India was affected significantly and experienced a substantial economic crisis. In response to the situation, the Government released a COVID-19 economic recovery package and subsequently, provided an updated framework for future PAGE work. In November 2020, India’s National Steering Committee met and endorsed a way forward for PAGE work, marking a milestone for the end of the inception phase and the start of a full PAGE programme from 2021. 

  • 2018

    India joins PAGE

    Joint PAGE inception mission and two-day workshop held in New Delhi

    Policy Brief on Resource Efficiency launched by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC)

  • 2019

    National coordinator hired to support PAGE work

    Three sub-national workshops related to the stocktaking held to identify sub-national priorities

    National workshop conducted in New Delhi to further refine the priorities identified in the sub-national consultations

    A draft green economy stocktaking study developed

    “Task Force on Environmental Sustainability” formed with PAGE assistance, to support green transition of Indian Railways

  • 2020

    National Steering Committee for PAGE India established

    PAGE invited to lead a thematic session at the Green Economy Coalition’s annual global meeting in India

    PAGE co-hosted webinar on ‘Building Back Better: Greening the Economic Recovery Package of the Government of India’

    Sustainability training for Indian Railways officials

    First official National Steering Committee meeting and launch of Stocktaking Study

  • Laying foundations

    From initial stakeholder consultations and analytical work,  a National Steering Committee (NSC) was formally established in January 2020 […]

  • Promoting green economy & green economy recovery

    PAGE India was involved in several outreach activities together with other development partners in 2020 to promote inclusive green […]

  • Supporting green economy recovery

    PAGE India has developed a comprehensive analysis of the country’s COVID-19 recovery package regarding sustainability and […]

  • Developing expertise for sustainable railways

    In 2020, PAGE supported the National Academy of Indian Railways (NAIR) in developing training modules and organising a pilot […]

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