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Inception Country

Thailand has embraced a green growth development model under the “Sufficiency Economy Philosophy”.

Thailand has a dynamic, emerging market economy. With this, unsustainable production and consumption patterns from the industrial sector – which accounts for almost 40 percent of GDP – is a key source of environmental issues.   The country faces a number of challenges  — including biodiversity loss, high plastic and air pollution, inadequate treatment of hazardous and non-hazardous waste, and water pollution — all of which come at a cost, both human and economic. 

Thailand has made sustainable development and green economy priorities, particularly through its “Sufficiency Economy Philosophy” — integrated into its national development guide,  the National Strategy (2018-2037). What’s more, Thailand’s 12th National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP) 2017-2021 integrates a commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

During 2020, in response to COVID-19, the Thai Government acted swiftly to contain the virus and, subsequently, rescue the economy with sizable fiscal stimulus packages, amounting to USD 76.2 billion (15.0% of GDP).

The Thai Government identified four areas of focus in its initial green recovery efforts: food security, health security, job security, and energy and environmental security, as part of its 400-Billion-Baht Economic and Social Rehabilitation Fund (or 400B Baht Rehabilitation Fund) in June 2020. After analysis of current policies and planning and discussions between PAGE agencies, the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office (UNRCO) and national stakeholders, Thailand submitted a proposal for green recovery support through PAGE in October 2020.

PAGE will assist in the greening of Thailand’s economic and social recovery projects funded under the Government’s Rehabilitation Fund and support their alignment with key SDGs, NDCs, and/or other global sustainability frameworksActivities will include developing an evaluation framework for assessing the impacts of selected projects; providing policy advice for aligning recovery efforts with national targets on green jobs, resource and energy efficiency, climate change mitigation and adaptation, among othersfacilitating public discourse on the evaluation results and policy implications; and strengthening the capacity of relevant ministries and government agencies on a green and inclusive recovery.

  • 2018

     “20-Year National Strategy 2018-2037” developed

  • 2019

    Thailand joined PAGE

  • 2020

    Inception phase initiated, with analysis of COVID-19 economic impacts

    Government focal point for PAGE appointed within Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) 

    Thailand’s application to PAGE Support for Green and Inclusive Economic ‎Recovery approved


  • Initiating the inception phase

    The COVID-19 pandemic delayed Thailand’s inception phase for the start of PAGE activities. An initial meeting between the PAGE […]

  • Laying foundations

    In April, PAGE conducted a green recovery needs assessment survey to identify Thailand’s priorities for a green recovery and subsequent […]

  • Capacity-building for green recovery and beyond

    At the start of 2021, PAGE green recovery support in Thailand will organize capacity-building activities and media events on green […]

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