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Rural herder in Kyrgyzstan

The Kyrgyz Republic is committed to advancing inclusive sustainable growth, embedded into its long-term National Development Strategy 2040.

Landlocked, mountainous and rich in natural resources, the economy of the Kyrgyz Republic is mainly driven by agriculture (approx. 40 percent of employment), extractive industries, hydropower energy, service and construction sectors. Over time, this dependency on natural resources, however, has resulted in land degradation and desertification, posing threats to the population, environment and ultimately, the sustainability of the economy. 

The long-term National Development Strategy 2040 outlines the country’s overall commitment to sustainable and inclusive growth, aiming for integrated policies that can balance the social, economic and environmental dimensions of development.

PAGE work in the Kyrgyz Republic supports progress towards achieving SDGs 2 (Sustainable Agriculture) 4 (Quality Education), 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), 11 (Sustainable Cities and Commodities), 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), 13 (Climate Action) and 17 (Partnerships for the Goals), as well as implementation of the Paris Agreement, which the country ratified in November 2019. 

The COVID-19 pandemic and a political crisis in October significantly affected the economy of Kyrgyzstan. Losses have been seen in major economic sectors, such as tourism, trade and consumer services, and construction — the economy is expected to contract by approximately 10 percent, with an unemployment rate reaching 21 percent. Despite additional political challenges following disputed election results and a changeover in administration in October 2020, the Kyrgyz Republic submitted a proposal for additional PAGE support in November 2020. 

Within this additional work, PAGE will support the Kyrgyz Republic on creating a policy enabling environment for enhancing the sustainability and growth of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) as a key avenue for a green recoveryPolicy scenario analysewill draw policy recommendations for promoting employment, improving job quality, and stimulating MSME developmentPolicy recommendations will aim to increase coherence between employment, social, economic and environmental policies. Additionally, the work will include the establishment of the National Green Investment and Credit Fund – envisaged under the Green Economy Development Program of Kyrgyz Republic and adopted in 2020 by the government with the support of PAGE — in an effort to mobilize public and private finance for greening the economic recovery. The development and implementation of a communication strategy will aim to inform the wider public and strengthen collective ownership of green solutions

  • 2016

    Kyrgyz Republic joins PAGE

  • 2017

    Inception mission held to develop a common understanding of green economy concepts

    Green Economy Stocktaking Report developed

    Study mission to Mongolia provided Kyrgyz counterparts with a working concept for advancing green economy

    Green Economy Forum held under the theme “From Theory to Practice – Possibilities for Business”

    National IGE expert group established

  • 2018

    Kyrgyz Parliament adopted the “Concept of Kyrgyzstan as a Green Economy Country”

    Green Economy Learning Needs Assessment developed

    Skills for Green Jobs Assessment finalised and launched

    Green Industry and Trade Assessment (GITA) conducted

    South-South exchange between the Kyrgyz Republic and Mongolia highlighted as best practice by the UN Office for South-South Cooperation

    National Development Strategy 2018-2040 and accompanying five-year programme Unity, Trust and Creation adopted

  • 2019

    Decree “On the Foreign Policy Concept for the Kyrgyz Republic” signed by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic

    Green Economy Week held under the theme “Strong Regions”

    National Green Economy Programme approved

    President of the Kyrgyz Republic signed a law ratifying the Paris Agreement on Climate Change

  • 2020

    Coordination Commission on Green Economy and Climate Change formed

    25 green economy modelling training sessions held virtually

    Report on ‘Investment opportunities for the development of a green economy in Kyrgyzstan’ released 

    Green Economy Development Programme enacted

    Eco-competition on solid waste management in Bishkek launched by UNDP

  • National mechanisms

    In January 2020, the Kyrgyz government established a Coordination Commission on Green Economy and Climate Change with PAGE support. […]

  • Green Economy modelling

    Continuing to evolve work started in 2018,  PAGE provided technical support and further capacity development within the government in 2020 […]

  • Policy reforms for a green economy

    The Green Economy Development Programme for the Development of Green Economy was officially adopted by the Prime Minister’s Office […]

  • Driving sustainable finance

    In 2018, PAGE supported the development of a Sustainable Finance Roadmap, which was incorporated into the recently adopted Green […]

  • Waste management

    As the population increases, solid waste management is of high priority in Kyrgyzstan’s capital city, Bishkek. To address this issue, PAGE […]

  • Foundations for green jobs

    In 2020, work continued on a Green Jobs Assessment Model (GJAM), to analyze the impact of green policies on the labour market and household […]

  • Training for green economy modelling

    In 2020, PAGE supported the Ministry of Economy in conducting 25 consecutive online training sessions on building a green economy model. Targeting […]

  • Building institutional capacity

    PAGE has developed an agreement with the University Alliance for Green Economy and Sustainable Development (AVZUR), led by the […]

  • Training for green jobs modelling

    To further the Green Job Assessment Modelling (GJAM), PAGE provided training on its methodology to university faculty and staff from […]

  • Training on environmental accounting and labour statistics

    To assist in developing national environmental statics, an international expert on the System of Economic-Ecological Accounting (SEEA) […]


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